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|• Brazilian Barbecue|
|• Brazilian Music|
|• Brazil in numbers|
|• Natives in Brazil|
|• Taxes in Brazil|
|• Population in Brazil|
Brazilians were the first South Americans to raise cattle, which they imported from Cape Verde in the 1530s. Churrasco (pronounced shoo-ras-koo) is the Brazilian word for barbecue and it was the traditional food of the Gauchos or cowboys of Southern Brazil for centuries before it achieved popularity in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.
Over the years, it has become very fashionable and there are excellent Churrascarias (restaurants specializing in Brazilian barbecue) all over Brazil and around the World. They are called churrascaria de rodizio because waiters move from table to table offering different kinds of meats on long skewers from which they slice portions onto your plate.
The meat was originally cooked over coals, usually in a pit dug in the ground, skewered on metal spits. The only seasoning was coarse salt and each gaucho had his own churrasco knife, which he used to cut pieces of meat from the spit. People in southern Brazil have churrasco pits built in their backyards with bricks or incorporated into a wall with decorative tiles around the edges.
Almost any occasion can be celebrated with a churrasco: birthdays, christenings, political rallies, or even a simple weekend get-together with family and friends. Over the years, the churrasco has evolved into an elaborate meal, with different salads, sauces and farofa accompanying the meats. The meal usually starts with cocktails called caipirinhas and an appetizer of pieces of sausage that one skewers on toothpicks and it ends with milk pudding (Brazilian Style Flan) or torta de banana (Brazilian style banana pie).
The meats used in churassco are most often Brazilian sausages, different cuts of beef, pork tenderloin and chicken. In the United States, chorizo or a spicy pork sausage, T-bone steaks and sirloin strips, chicken thighs and drumsticks, and pork chops are used. Often potato salad with carrots and chayote, tomato salad with heart of palm, onion salad with oregano, fried manioc root, farofa and molho a campanha (Brazilian-style vinaigrette) are served with the meats in Brazil.
White meats are marinated overnight in a mixture of garlic, salt and lime juice. The red meats are seasoned with coarse sea salt only. There are two traditional methods for doing this. The most effective one: press a good amount of salt into the sides of the meat and once the meat is cooked, knock it off with the side of a large knife, or baste the meat with salt water using a bunch of parsley or bay leaves as a brush. You may want to try a recipe for pork short ribs marinated in red wine and barbecued with cassava (manioc) flour. Delicious!!
Best beef cuts in Brazil to barbecue
Rump steak - Picanha
Top Sirloin - Alcatra
Sirloin - Contra Filet
Tender Sirloin - Filet Mignon
Bottom Sirloin - Fraldinha
Strip Loin - Filet de Costela
Trip Tip - Maminha de Alcatra
Hump - Cupim
Brazilian Hour - Radio Show is produced by the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to promote the best of Brazilian music and culture all around the world. To listen to the music, click here
Brazil in numbers
15° 47S 47° 52W
Official language Portuguese
Ethnic groups (2010 est.)
47.7% White, 43.1% Pardo, 7.6% Black, 1.09% Asian, 0.43% Natives
Religions: Roman Catholic 64.6%, other Catholic 0.4%, Believers 22.2% (includes Adventist 6.5%), Assembly of God 2.0%, Christian Congregation of Brazil 1.2%, Universal Kingdom of God 1.0%, other Protestant 11.5%), other Christian 0.7%, Spiritualist 2.2%, other 1.4%, none 8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
Population: 2019 estimate 2010 million (6th most populated country in the world)
Active workers: estimate in 2013 46,7% out of 96 million that are able to work
Informality on workforce is still very high. Some laws are from 1943 and laws were brought from Italian Fascists during the Getulio Vargas presidency
Informality in goods can reach 30% in some areas
40 million Brazilians donīt pay for a pension fund
Density: 23.8/sq (190th) 62/sq mi
Birth rate: 14.46 births/1,000 population (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 136
Death rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 144
Fertility rate: 1,72 children per woman
1500 Portuguese claimed the land
1822 Independence day September 7
1889 Republic day November 15
1930 until 1945 Getulio VARGAS dictatorship
1964 Military took office on a dictatorship
1985 Democratic government was restored and corruption from that time until present days increased
1988 They created a new constitution based on Laissez faire of punishment for politicians and judges, untouchables
2014 Brazil hosted the world cup
2016 Brazil hosted the Olympic Games
Brazil was seen as one of the emerging markets and still has good potential
Class casts in Brazil are far apart and 50 million are poor (it is difficult to know how many people are in miserable conditions)
Politics: number senators 81 and number of deputies 513
Number of public employees: 3,12 million (1,6% of the population)
Number federal public employees: 2 million
Number of the Army, Air force and Navy men: 327.000 (17 positions in the world)
Current constitution 5th October 1988 was made to help politicians steal public money and help themselves and also criminals to stay out of the prison
Area 8,515,767 square km (5th biggest country in the world) 3,287,597 sq mi, the Richest country in natural resources
Water shield (%) 0.65
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
South America, Largest country
Urban population: 85.7% of total population (2015), rate of urbanization: 1.17% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.
Land boundaries: total: 16,145 km
Coastline: 7,491 km
Exclusive economic zone in the sea: 200 nautical miles
Continental shelf: 200 nautical miles or to edge of the continental margin
Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in south
Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt
Elevation: mean elevation: 320 m
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Pico da Neblina 2,994 m
Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron, ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydro-power, timber, precious stones, granite
Land use: agricultural land: 32.9%
Arable land 8.6%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 23.5%; forest: 61.9%; other: 5.2% (2011 estimation)
Irrigated land: 54,000 square km (2012)
Total renewable water resources: 8,233 cubic meter km (2011)
Fresh water shield: 14% of the world
The richest country in natural resources in the world
World ranking on global economic freedom index: 51,9
Debt to GDP ratio of 70%
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate the total US $3.208 trillion (7th place)
Per capita $15,690 (77th place)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
Total $1.8 trillion (9th place) 2015
Per capita $8,650  (69th place) 2015
International reserves USD $384 billion
Gini coefficient (2012) 51.9 (7)
HDI (2014) 0.755 (8)
Currency Real (R$) (BRL)
Time zone BRT (UTC 2 to 5)
Summer (DST) BRST (UTC 2 to 5)
Calling code +55
ISO 3166 code BR
Internet TLD .br
Energy production source in 2019
89% of the electrical energy production in Brazil it is Eco-friendly
Gravity (hydropower plants) 60,8%
Natural gas 7,8%
Brazil is the ninth largest economy by nominal GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT - GDP
Inflation in 2017 by the government in 2017 was 2.95%
Inflation in 2017 by Getulio Vargas University was 3,23%
Gross Domestic Product in 2017 was 1%
Main exported products of Brazil in 2015
Ores (minerals), Precious Stones, niobium (NB), Oil Seeds, Oil and Mineral Fuels, Meat, Industrial Machinery, Motor Vehicles and Parts, Sugar and Confectionery, Iron and Steel, Animal Feeds, Coffee and Spices. 46,2% of the export products from Brazil are regarding aggro-business Soybean in the first place fallowed on meat, chicken meat was exported to 165 different countries, paper pulp also in large quantity. Orange juice: 5 out of 10 cups consumed in the world are produced in Brazil.
Top 10 products exported in Brazil in 2019
Mashed Soy 13%
Crude Petroleum Oils 11%
Iron Ore 9.9%
Corn in grains 3%
Chicken Meat 2.8%
Manufactured Products 2.7%
Soybean Oil Meal 2.6%
Bovine Meat 2.5%
Coffee in Grain 2.0%
Relevant participation of Brazil in World Export agro-business in 2019/2020
Chicken meat 34%
Soybean meal 24%
Pork meat 10%
Soy oil 9%
Main countries that Brazil EXPORTED in 2019 (billion)
China US $ 63.4
United States US $ 29.7
Netherlands US $ 10.1
Argentina US $ 9.8
Japan US $ 5.4
Chile US $ 5.2
Mexico US $ 4.9
Germany US $ 4.7
Spain US $ 4
South Korea US $ 3.4
Canada US $ 3.3
Belgium US $ 3.2
Italy US $ 3.1
Colombia US $ 3.1
United Kingdom US $ 3
Main products that Brazil IMPORT
Oil & Mineral Fuels, Industrial Machinery, Electrical Machinery, Motor Vehicles and Parts, Organic Chemicals, Plastics, Fertilizers, Pharmaceuticals, Precision Instruments, Chemical Products.
Main countries that Brazil IMPORT in USD $ billion year 2019
China US $ 35.3 billion
United States US $ 30.1 billion
Argentina US $ 10.6 billion
Germany US $ 10.3 billion
South Korea US $ 4.7 billion
India US $ 4.3 billion
Mexico US $ 4.2 billion
Japan US $ 4.1 billion
Italy US $ 4 billion
Russia US $ 3.7 billion
Brazil: Trade Statistics
24/136 in 136 countries
25/136 in 136 countries
Trade balance rank
7/136 in 136 countries
POVERTY and CORRUPTION
In Brazil, corruption persists and helps to generate poverty that leads to a vicious circle.
Politicians in Brazil can stay as a deputy or senator per life if re-elected every 4 years.
The number of cities with city council: 5570 (vicious party)Deputies blackmail city councils for votes. Some cities are using 90% of the revenues to pay salaries and got no money for investments in infrastructure, health and education.
The minimum salary in Brazil is approximately US $200.00 (2020)
High federal salaries and pensions for life made the government pension system to collapse. Some government people can accumulate 3 pensions
Slavery was banned in 1888 but there is still slavery in remote areas
Corruption perceptions index global wide 2018: the position of the country 79
Illiteracy on adults: Brazil is 8 in global ranking (14 million people in 2015)
40% of the children from 0 to 14 years old live in poor conditions
Gini coefficient index (2012) 51.9 (7)
10% of the population receiving 42% of the nationīs income
56% of the population receiving 56.8% of the nationīs income
34% of the population receiving 1.2% of the nationīs income
Unemployment: around 13%
3 million of Brazilians got no electricity
School: according to UNESCO 2 million children are out of school (no enough schools in the country)
42% of the houses have a sewage system (2017)
85% of the houses have running water (2017)
82% of the houses have garbage collecting service (2017)
PROFESSIONS IN BRAZIL
Why some people do not learn a new profession?
In some places, vocational schools are empty, as it is more favourable to obtain benefits from the government, since the minimum wage is very low.
WHAT MADE BRAZIL POOR?
While the wages have risen abroad in the last 60 years, in Brazil the government was keeping the minimum wages lower and lower. Means, they create a society with no power to buy goods. Only the government staff and politicians got good wages. We leave almost in a middle-age society but without a KING. By the way, at moment the kings are the judges in the supreme court.
HOW ARE THE ELECTIONS IN BRAZIL?
The continuation of poverty is very present in the country. The more children a poor family has, the more benefits they get from the government. This increases the number of poor because they stop working and have more children to get more benefits. Some politicians provide support to these people to gain benefits and in return receive votes by perpetuating themselves in power.
Invasions in building and land are organised by some politicians to get support later during elections.
Summary: Poverty keeps many politicians in power.
There are 40 political parties in Brazil and several acting like a criminal organization. They helped to create laws to help themselves.
What people receive for votes?
People sell their votes for money or benefits. Everything is controlled by some people that work as a kind of electoral manager (cabo eleitoral) who during the elections sell their services for politicians. They receive money from the candidates and are using part of the money to pay the voters. The more people the election manager has, the more money he makes during the election. Lots of money are used to get people paid weeks before the elections and those who pay are the electoral managers (cabo eleitoral).
The government in power always denied that people are selling their votes. Judges that control the elections in majorities belong to groups and need to obey.
As politician get elected they move their friends inside the system with great salaries, BUT they Keep like 30 to 50% of their salary as a commission. They use the money to be re-elected on the next term. (pure corruption)
The media is also much in demand during the elections in exchange for favours and money. Everything is negotiated in advance. 70% of TV stations, newspapers and radio stations belong to politicians or were giving by them. TV stations and politician acting together. The main goal is always make money using the government machine.
Right, left, or centre political groups use the same tactics.
Corruption level on judge system is very high and they can be touched.
Politicians in Brazil living in kind of Al Capone world, they canīt be touched (untouchables).
Drug dealers also use their money to support politicians in power and get help when they need.
What honest people do in Brazil!
Only pray at churches or at home. They keep complaining and donīt get involved in politics. Result of all this is that bad people are in power.
There is a group of judges trying to fight against corruption, CAR WASH OPERATION but supreme court and politicians are trying to destroy them.
In Brazil lack of good education is leading the country to be manipulated by the corrupted elite. The poor people can be manipulated easy by moneycracy.
Natives in Brazil
Natives in Brazil by IBGE based on the 2010 census
- around 900.000 natives live in Brazil, 04% of the Brazilian population
- 305 ethnics groups
- 274 languages
- 690 territories were recognised by the government
- 13,7% of the Brazilian territory belong to natives
- 94 thousand square km it is the biggest reservation in Amazon
- more than 50 groups still live in Amazon and never been in touch with white people
- many natives lost their land for the government that gave to companies that sold to the settlers.
- some settlers and ranchers invade part of their land because they had no papers stating borders or property ownership.
- lots of natives ended in reservations arranged by the government and some of them were not big enough.
- some natives that moved to the cities are coming back to the origin places and trying to claim their land back.
- the population of natives that stay near urban areas are decreasing.
- the population that stay in the countryside are increasing.
In the last 20 years, lotīs of natives were fighting and dying for their land. There is a war in the jungle throughout Brazil.
Only 57,7% of the natives have officially land titles (property papers).
In Brazil, lots of tribes are at the courts claiming for their land rights.
Where natives live in Brazil?
- 37,4% North
- 25,5% Northeast
- 16% Centre west
- 12% Southeast
- 9,2% South
In some municipalities, it is possible to find natives that speak 3 different languages.
70% of natives that live in the reservations (own the land) and speak native languages.
Only a few natives that live near cities are still able to speak native languages.
Fecundity rate for native women in the countryside it is higher than in the cities.
Some of the things that Europeans brought to the natives: smallpox, diphtheria, measles, influenza, bubonic plague or black dead, cholera, scarlet fever, cupping cough, respiratory infection, covid-19 and venereal diseases.
Taxes in Brazil
TAXES IN BRAZIL
The second country with the highest amount of taxes in the world
In Brazil, there are more than 80 different kinds of taxes
70% collected comes from the consumption of goods
Income tax varies from 15% to 27.5%
PERCENTAGE OF TAXES ON SOME PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
Gas - Petrol 57,03%
Cattle meat 18,63%
Soy been oil 37,18%
Wheat flour 34,47%
Tomato sauce 36,66%
Washing powder 42,27%
Sanitary water 37,84%
Steel sponge 44,35%
BASIC HYGIENE PRODUCTS
Toilet paper 40,50%
Dental creme 42,00%
Plastic pastes 41,17%
Office paper 38,97%
Powder refreshment 38,32%
Sugar cane liquor 83,07%
Soft drink 47,00%
TV set 45%
Dryer machine 48%
Cell Phone 41,00%
Roof Tile 34,47%
Popular house 49,02%
Imported luxury goods 59 to 100%
BEYOND ALL TAXES 30% OF THE POPULATION PAY FOR:
- PRIVATE HEALTH INSURANCE (36% tax on it)
- PRIVATE SCHOOL FOR CHILDREN (37% tax on it)
Public spending on health accounts is around 3.6% of GDP (2013), If combined with family spending and private health insurance, it reaches 8% of GDP.
Population in Brazil
Population in South America is approximately 420,936,000 inhabitants
1 Brazil 207,739,000 (2017)
2 Colombia 49,262,000 (2017)
3 Argentina 43,590,368 (2016)
4 Peru 31,488,625 (2016)
5 Venezuela 31,028,637 (2016)
6 Chile 18,191,884 (2016)
7 Ecuador 16,784,400 (2017)
8 Bolivia 10,985,059 (2016)
9 Paraguay 6,854,536 (2016)
10 Uruguay 3,480,222 (2016)
11 Guyana 747,884 (2012)
12 Suriname 541,638 (2012)
13 French Guiana 239,648 (2012)
14 Falkland Islands (UK) 2,563 (2012
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